Moment 1 - Before Touching a Patient

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To protect the patient against acquiring harmful germs from the hands of the HCW


Touching a patient in any way

Shaking hands, Assisting a patient to move, Allied health interventions, Touching any medical device connected to the patient
(eg. IV pump, IDC)


Any personal care activities

Bathing, Dressing, Brushing hair, Putting on personal aids such as glasses

Any non-invasive observations

Taking a pulse, Blood pressure, Oxygen saturation, Temperature, Chest auscultation, Abdominal palpation, Applying ECG electrodes, CTG

Any non-invasive treatment

Applying an oxygen mask or nasal cannula, Fitting slings/braces, Application of incontinence aids (including condom drainage)

Preparation and administration of oral medications

Oral medications, Nebulised medications

Oral care and feeding

Feeding a patient, Brushing teeth or dentures



HCWs may have any number of organisms on their hands, if there is no hand hygiene prior to touching the patient these micro-organisms can be transferred to the patient.